Question: What exactly does the Bible say about tithing?
Answer: That’s a broad question, so let me give you an overview or a big picture of what the Bible says about the tithe along with scriptural references. As always we encourage you to read and study for yourself.
First, the biblical tithe was established as a commandment through the Law of Moses (Mosaic Law). The tithe command is one of the 613 commandments of the Law of Moses. The Law of Moses is the covenant between God and ancient Israel. Under the covenant, ancient Israel was commanded to observe all 613 commandments of the Law in order to receive God’s blessings (Deuteronomy 28: 1-2).
According the Law of Moses, God required ancient Israel is to pay tithes in the form of agricultural produce and cattle (Deuteronomy 14:23; Leviticus 27:30). The tithes (food, drink and cattle) were given to the Levitical priests, poor, widows, fatherless and strangers within the gates of ancient Israel (Deuteronomy 6:13). Also, tithes were part of ancient Israel’s system or religious/ceremonial worship.
Second, the death, burial and resurrection ushered in the New Testament. This is why Christians are not under the Law of Moses (Galatians 3:24-25; Hebrews 8:13). Once the New Testament was established, tithing ceased. If you notice that throughout the New Testament there is NO mention of Christians practicing tithing. The reason is that New Testament Christians practiced voluntary, Spirit-led giving (1 Corinthians 16:1-2; Acts 11:27-39; 2 Corinthians 9:7).